For young adults with borderline hip dysplasia (BHD), primary arthroscopy provides positive long-term outcomes, improving symptoms and function while avoiding the need for hip replacement surgery in most cases, reports a study in The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
Chondromalacia patella, also known as runner's knee, is a knee condition that can cause pain and grinding when the knee is flexed. It's due to the breakdown in the cartilage on the undersurface of the kneecap (patella) that causes bones to rub against each other. Overuse (especially from running or cycling), trauma, such as a fracture, or a misalignment of the kneecap and femur can all cause chondromalacia.
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a cost-effective procedure, but it is also associated with substantial postoperative pain. The present study aimed to compare pain relief and functional recovery after TKA among groups that received intravenous corticosteroids, periarticular corticosteroids, or a combination of both.
Next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) techniques show the presence of bacterial DNA in surgical specimens of hip and knee arthritis, from patients undergoing first-time total joint arthroplasty, reports a study in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.